Electrical shock occurs when electrical current passes through the body. This can happen if you are in contact with an “live” wire or if an electrical appliance malfunctions. An electrical shock can cause burns, muscle spasms, convulsions and even death. When someone is electrocuted, it is important to act quickly and calmly, to assess the situation and determine what needs to be done.
First aid for electrical shock is generally divided into two categories: primary care, which is given to the victim at the scene of the accident, and secondary care, which is provided when transporting to a medical facility. Generally, these are the things you need to do when someone is electrocuted before he or she gets to the hospital.
When to Ask for Doctor/Professional Help?
Electrical shock is a very serious matter and can cause death. If you are in doubt about the victim’s condition, it is always better to ask for professional help. Here are some conditions that may indicate that you need to go to the hospital:
1. If the victim is not breathing or has a weak pulse
If the victim is not breathing, you will need to ask for professional help right away. If the victim has a weak pulse, it is also an indication that he or she needs to be brought to the hospital immediately. Lack of enough breath or pulse means that the victim’s heart is not getting enough oxygen and he or she may go into cardiac arrest. The brain also needs a lot of oxygen to function properly and if the victim is not getting enough oxygen, he or she may suffer from brain damage.
2. If the victim is pregnant
When someone is pregnant, it means that she has more health risks than an average person. If a pregnant woman is electrocuted, her baby may also suffer from the effects of the shock. If she shows symptoms such as trouble breathing or convulsions, you need to take her to the hospital immediately.
3. If the victim has burns in two spots or more on his or her body
If the victim shows signs of burns, this is a sign that he or she may have been electrocuted. burns can also be caused by fire and it is important to assess the situation before you treat the victim. If there are any flames around the area where the victim was injured, make sure you put them out before helping him or her. Burns can also be caused by chemical exposure and you will need to ask for professional help if this is the case.
Electrical shock is a serious matter that requires immediate medical treatment. If you are not sure about the victim’s health condition, always seek help from a doctor or paramedic immediately.
What Precaution to be Taken while Dealing with Electrical Shock in First Aid?
When dealing with electrical shock, there are a few things you need to keep in mind in order to avoid getting injured yourself. Here are some safety tips you need to remember:
i. Do not touch the victim if he or she is still in contact with the electrical source
If the victim is still in contact with the electrical current, do not touch him or her. This is because you may also get electrocuted if you touch the victim while he or she is still in contact with the electrical source. You can use a dry, non-conductive object such as a wooden stick or a dry cloth to push the victim away from the electrical source.
ii. Do not touch the victim if he or she is wet
If the victim is wet, do not touch him or her. This is because water conducts electricity and you may get electrocuted if you touch the victim while he or she is wet. Wait for the victim to dry off before you help him or her.
iii. Do not use your bare hands to check for Burns
If you want to check the victim for burns, do not use your bare hands. This is because you may get shocked as well if there are still electrical currents in the victim’s body. Use a dry cloth or another object to touch his or her body first before checking for burns.
iv. Make sure that the victim is not in contact with current
If you suspect that the victim may have been electrocuted by current, make sure that he or she is not in contact with any source of electricity before trying to help him or her. Turn off all power sources if possible and only turn them on after the victim has been treated for electrical shock.
First Aid for Electrical Shock Step by Step Guide:
Step 1: Turn oof the power supply if possible
If possible, the first thing you need to do is to turn off the power supply. This will help prevent further injury to the victim. If you cannot reach the power source, do not try to touch it yourself. Leave it to the professionals to turn it off.
Step 2: Check if the person is still in contact with the electrical source
The first thing you should do when dealing with electrical shock is to check if the person is still in contact with the electrical source. If he or she is, use a dry, non-conductive object such as a wooden stick or a dry cloth to push the person away from the electrical source.
Step 3: Check the person’s breathing
Once you have checked that the person is no longer in contact with the electrical source, the next thing you need to do is to check his or her breathing. If the person is not breathing, call for emergency medical help and start CPR.
Step 4: Check for burns
Step 5: Check for other injuries
If the person has any other injuries, it is important to treat them accordingly. If the person has a head injury, keep him or her from moving until emergency medical help arrives.
Step 6: Seek professional help if necessary
If you are not sure about the health of the victim, or if his or her condition is severe, it is important to seek professional help right away. Do not try to treat electrical shock on your own, as this can be dangerous for both you and the victim.
Electrical shocks can be dangerous and even deadly. That’s why it is important to know what to do in the event of an electrical shock. By following the safety tips provided above, you can help ensure that the victim receives the necessary first aid until professional help arrives.