What is Bandage in First Aid?
A bandage is a bit of material used either to assist a therapeutic device such as a dressing or splint, or all alone to provide support or limit the movement of a part of the body.
At the point when utilized with a dressing, the dressing is applied directly on a wound, and a bandage used to hold the dressing set up.
Different gauzes are utilized without dressings, such as elastic bandages that are used to reduce swelling or provide support to a sprained ankle.
Tight bandages can be used to slow blood flow to an extremity, such as when any part of the body is bleeding heavily on an accident.
Bandages are accessible in a wide range of types, from conventional fabric strips to specialized shaped bandages intended for a particular appendage or part of the body.
Bandages can often be improvised as the circumstance demands, using apparel or other material. Its purpose is to prevent potential danger before approaching to the doctors.
What is purpose of bandage? How does a bandage work?
The basic purpose of the bandage is to prevent the patients from the potential danger before approaching the doctors. When it is in any health care institutions, its main purpose is to provide support or restriction the movement of a part of the body.
The purposes served by bandaging comprise protecting wounds; promoting healing; and providing, retaining, or removing moisture. Bandages can be used to hold dressings in place, to prevent bleeding, to relieve pain, and generally to make the patient comfortable.
Elastic bandages are useful to provide ongoing pressure on wounds such as varicose veins, fractured ribs, and swollen joints.
The bandage shields the injury and scab from friction, bacteria, damage, and dirt.
Therefore, the recuperating procedure of the body is less disturbed. Some of the dressings have antiseptic properties.
An extra function is to hold the two cut ends of the skin together to make the recuperating procedure faster.
What are the types of bandages? Introduce 4 types
Basically, a word bandage denotes a piece of fabric or any other material which is used to bond the wounds when it is essential to prevent from potential danger before accessing to the doctors and also after dressing or medical treatments of external damage of our body. If there is not available any genuine bandage, clean and soft piece of cloth can be used as bandage but it’s not always safe.
Therefore, at least minor equipments for first aid should be managed at home.
Here are some types of bandages on which we are going to discuss about.
Gauze Bandages are utilized to keep a wound clean while still allowing air to ventilate the gauze and skin and help the wound to recuperate.
The woven fabric nature of the gauze is what makes it viable in ventilating. It likewise makes it absorbent which is valuable as it helps prevent excess moisture around the wound site.
Gauze bandages come in numerous sizes and types. They can be used on wounds where infection is already present and during the process of treatment.
They can be combined with topical medicines for such purposes. Gauze has been around for quite a long time and is truly reasonable. There are numerous varieties of gauze types for different purposes.
Some are multi-layered while others are simpler.
A compression bandage is a long segment of stretchable material that you can wrap around a sprain or strain. It’s also called an elastic bandage or a Tensor bandage.
The delicate pressure of the bandage assists reduces swelling, so it might help the injured area feel better.
Elastic sleeves that you can pull over an injured area work the similar way. Bandages and sleeves are not costly. It is recommended that the initial bandage will be changed after 48-72 hours.
Thereafter the bandage will usually be left on for one week.
Compression expands the pressure in the tissue under the skin. This reduces swelling by moving the excess fluid that builds up in the legs back into the blood veins.
Compression stockings can also be worn after healing to keep blood flowing properly and minimize the chances of wound recurrence.
This sort of compression helps to fight the effects of gravity and assist the body in venous return.
A triangular bandage is a free weave cotton fabric in the shape of a triangle. This versatile first aid apparatus can be used in several ways to treat different sorts of injuries.
It is used as an arm sling or as a pad to control bleeding. It may also be used to support or immobilize an injury to a bone or joint or as improvised cushioning over a painful injury.
A tubular gauze bandage is used to retain a dressing on a finger or toe. It can be folded in the shape of a rectangle and can be placed over a large wound to absorb blood and stop bleeding, functioning as a trauma pad.
Two triangular bandages can be used together to treat an injury. One can be used like a trauma pad to control bleeding, and another can be used to wrap the wound.
It can hold the trauma pad in place if first aid tape is not accessible. For a sprained wrist or ankle, a triangular bandage can be used to wrap the injured joint like an Ace bandage.
If a person has an arm injury, it can be supported in a bent position by using a triangular bandage as a sling.
If someone suffers a broken leg, a pair of triangular bandages can be used to immobilize it. A blanket can be placed between the person’s legs and two triangular bandages can be used to integrate the legs together.
They should be tied firmly, but not so tightly that they restrict circulation. A triangular bandage should not be used over a compound fracture with a bone sticking out of a wound.
It can be used to provide immediate first aid in an emergency, but it is not a substitute for professional medical help.
A tube bandage is applied using an instrument, and is woven in a persistent circle. It is used to hold dressings or splints on to appendages, or to provide support to sprains and strains, with the goal that it stops bleeding.
Tube bandages are used to provide 360 degrees of uniform compression and backing for assisting to prevent or reduce edema just as treating post-burn scarring.
These bandages secure without the use of clips or tape, and are accessible in an assortment of widths and lengths.
The firmly woven and especially skin- accommodating tube can be stretched up to four times its width and will snap back immediately.
It is ideal for being applied next to skin.
Tubular bandages are available in different sizes and are used for the fixation of bandaging materials and can be drawn over fingers, the head, middle or different pieces of the body.
Mesh bandages and tubular bandages are used in hospitals, medical practices, nursing homes or by private users.
They are additionally used by ambulances or for the treatment of sports injuries.
When should you bandage a wound? Top points
If the wound is small and is in an area that won’t get dirty and be rubbed by clothes, it is not essential to bandage. But for most wounds, it’s a good idea to cover them with bandage to help prevent infection or reopening the wound.
All the techniques are always not equally effective in all situations.
Here are some cases those require bandage.
1. When your wounds frequently bleeds
2. When the wound is rubbed frequently by clothes and potential to be infected
3. When leg or arm is fractured or sprained
4. When your wounds get stitched
5. When your wounds require hydrocolloid dressings such as burns, wounds that are emitting liquid, necrotic wounds, pressure ulcers, venous ulcers, high amounts of drainage, packing wounds, chronic wounds or stalled wounds, pressure sores, transplant sites and surgical wounds
6. By the way, you need to consult to your physicians before bandaging whether your wounds require bandage or not except the cases of first aid application.
How long should you keep a bandage on?
It depends on the nature of your wounds but your bandage should is not better to scrub or soak during the first 48 hours.
Doctors may suggest keeping until the recovery. Here are normally timelines to remove stitches in better recovery.
1. From the face in 4 to 5 days
2. From the hands and arms in 5 to 10 days
3. From the feet, legs, chest, abdomen, and back in 7 to 14 days
4. Over a joint in 7 to 14 days
5. The periods mentioned above are in just normal cases. If your wounds get infected due to several factors, it may prolong additionally.
However, you need to take ongoing advice with your doctors.