Roller Bandage: Uses and Basic Guide

What is roller bandage?

A roller bandage is a segment of dressing arranged in a roll. It can be reused after wash when they are stored properly. A roller bandage has no valid expiry date. One can reuse this for years in proper care.

It is used to immobilize sprains and torn muscles, provide strain to control interior or exterior bleeding, retain drainage, and secure dressings. Basically roller bandages are of two types as elastic roller bandage and cotton roller bandage.

Both types of roller bandages are similar significant according to the situation.

An elastic roller bandage is used to apply support to a strain or sprain but not firmly enough to decrease circulation whereas a cotton roller bandage is used to cover gauze dressings.  

What is the use of roller bandage?

The uses of roller bandages are in various ways such as to immobilize sprains, strains, fractures joints or bones, torn muscles and to control internal or external bleeding, assimilate waste, and secure dressings. It also depends on the injury condition.

Supports Joints, Bones or Muscles:

It is very painful case when our joints strain, sprain, fracture of muscles are torn due to several factors.

We even cannot move them properly and probably in some cases moving them in such condition is harmful. To immobilize such parts, we need to control over their movement.

When bones or joints are sprained especially fractured, broken or displaced they mustn’t move until recovery.

In this matter, roller bandage is appropriate tool which firmly controls and helps to recover in proper condition.

Controls Internal and External Bleeding:

One of the most beneficial features of roller bandage is to control internal and external bleeding.

When we wrap the injury parts covering with roller bandage, it firmly exerts compression and doesn’t allow bleeding however we should not directly wrap the wounds without using dressing pads.

Roller bandages are in different sizes so it is sufficient to wrap over any parts of the body.

It is not adhesive bandage so doesn’t make irritated while removing.

Secures Dressings:

Roller bandage is a versatile bandage because it has different ways of application. The main purpose of this bandage is to support sprain or strain of the body though is can help in dressings.

Some adhesive bandages are difficult to use in sensitive and hairy area because they create critical problems while removing but roller bandage doesn’t stitch onto skin and hair.

It doesn’t allow dressing pads to move.

Reduces Swelling:

Roller bandage exerts compression that reduces interference the blood circulation. When circulation is in right form, swelling goes down gradually.

However, roller bandage doesn’t contain any medicine that could reduce swelling itself. It just circulates extra blood or fluid collection in a particular area.

How do you tie off a roller bandage? Step by Step Guide

Use of roller bandage is easier enough to everyone but should be tied carefully. The way of wrapping depends on the types of injury.

Here are some processes that can be observed while wrapping.

If you are applying onto an open wound:

1. First apply a suitable pad or dressing to the area.

2. Hold the rolled-up end of the roller bandage up with one hand, and begin wrapping.

3. Keep the rolled part of the bandage above the injury and the unrolled part below the injury.

4. Start by wrapping twice around the injury to hold the end in place.

5. Work up the limb, winding the bandage in spiraling turns, ensuring that each new layer covers 33% to 66% of the past one.

6. Finish by wrapping the bandage around once more and securing the end

7. If you are applying bandages to elbows and knees;

8. Apply a dressing or cushioning over the influenced region.

9. Start with a full turn over the purpose of the elbow or knee.

10. Make a second turn just underneath the primary, uncovering 33% of the underlying turn over.

11. Slightly apply the bandage in a figure of eight, and extend the bandage quite far on each side of the joint.

12. Proceed with a couple of more diverts on the other hand working from beneath to over the influenced joint, until the dressing or padding is completely secured.

13. Maintain a strategic distance from any additional turns that will cause pressure within surface of the joint.

14. Finish with a full turn over the elbow or knee and secure the wrap with a self locking pin or sticky tape.

If you are applying bandages on hands or foot;

1. Apply a dressing or cushioning over the influenced zone.

2. Start from the inside of the wrist using inclining turns over the rear of the hand or foot to the base of the little finger or little toe and afterward make a total pivot the fingers or toes.

3. Add only a couple of centimeters more of the bandage at time to keep it as tight as possible and ensure the appropriate level of pressure is applied to the injury.

4. Each fold over requirements to cover in any event 33% of the past wrap. When you reach the top of the area, wrap the bandage over a couple of additional times before securing and cutting away any excess.

5. Rehash these turns working upwards with each turn until the dressing or cushioning is secured.

6. Finish with a circular turn around the wrist lower leg and secure the wrap with a self locking pin or sticky tape.

If you’re using a roller bandage to apply compression;

1. Get the patient to bend their limb a few times beforehand to keep the blood circulation to the area.

2. Follow the same techniques as mentioned above.

In applying the turns of the roller bandage, it ought to be applied equitably, immovably, yet not very tightly. Excessive pressure may cause interference with the circulation and may prompt shocking results.

In wrapping a limit, it is fitting to leave the fingers or toes uncovered so the dispersal of these parts might be promptly observed.

It is in like manner more secured to apply a large number of turns of a bandage, as opposed to rely on a couple of turns applied also immovably to secure a compression.

How do you keep a Roller bandage from sticking to a wound? Explain by step

Roller bandage doesn’t only firmly controls dressing pads but also secures wounds from contaminations. It is in this matter safe to protect dressings but sometimes it makes irritated when it is stuck to the wound.

Roller bandage is not adhesive itself but it occurs when we seldom care about while bandaging.

It may happen when we don’t have sufficient materials for dressing as first aid treatment.

Blood or other fluid discharged from the wound can stick when it is dried. Sticking roller bandage doesn’t only cause pain but also causes reopening wounds and infection.

Here are some ideas to avoid roller bandage from sticking to a wound.

1. Clean the wound properly before bandaging.

2. Gauge should be slightly larger than the wound itself to create a little overlap.

3. Add a thin layer of white petroleum jelly to the gauze. The petroleum jelly will help keep the wound moist and prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound or scab.

4. Use small medical tape around the edges to hold the dressing.

5. Don’t wrap the bandage too tight.

6. Frequently change the gauze.


Roller bandage is typically made of gauze strips or cotton materials to firm dressing and support sprains or strains. Different qualities of roller bandages are found in the pharmacy.

It is an essential apparatus for the first aid kit. We can get injured at any time such as while sitting, walking, working, playing, driving or even flying in the sky.

Small injuries don’t require bandaging but when it is deep injury, then we need to bandage before approaching to the doctors because excessive bleeding leads the injured to danger condition.

On the other hand, injury can be infected due to contamination.

Sprains or strains are also critical states of being injured. We may not able to work and even walk any more due to sprain or strain. In such conditions, roller bandage can help us but it is not the final solution.

Bandages just reduce our primary problems. We must visit the doctors afterwards.

Some roller bandages can be reuse and some are just used once. Correct size of the bandage should be used for proper result.

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